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Horus
Horus stans
Cult Center: Nekhen
Deity of: {{{Deity of?}}}
Consort: Hathor (in one version)
Sibling: Anubis
Symbol: {{{Symbol}}}
Parents: Osiris and Isis
Offspring: {{{Offspring}}}
Horus is the falcon headed god of sky and light. Different forms of Horus are recorded in history and these are treated as distinct gods by Egyptologists. Horus served many functions in the Egyptian pantheon, most notably being the god of the Sky, god of War and god of Protection. Horus was born to the goddess Isis after she retrieved all the dismembered body parts of her murdered husband Osiris, to conceive her son. In another version of the story, Isis was impregnated by divine fire. Once Isis knew she was pregnant with Horus, she fled to the Nile Delta marshlands to hide from her brother Set who jealously killed Osiris and who she knew would want to kill their son. There Isis bore a divine son, Horus.

Since Horus was said to be the sky, he was considered to also contain the sun and moon. It became said that the sun was his right eye and the moon his left, and that they traversed the sky when he, a falcon, flew across it. Thus he became known as Harmerty - Horus of two eyes. Later, the reason that the moon was not as bright as the sun was explained by a tale, known as the contestings of Horus and Seth, originating as a metaphor for the conquest of Upper Egypt by Lower Egypt in about 3000 BC. In this tale, it was said that Set, the patron of Upper Egypt, and Horus, the patron of Lower Egypt, had battled for Egypt brutally, with neither side victorious, until eventually the gods sided with Horus (see below).

It was also said that during a new-moon, Horus had become blinded and was titled Mekhenty-er-irty (mḫnty r ỉr.ty 'He who has no eyes'). When the moon became visible again, he was re-titled Khenty-irty (ḫnty r ỉr.ty 'He who has eyes').

Horus was also said to be a god of war and hunting. The Horus falcon is shown upon a standard on thepredynastic Hunters Palette in the "lion hunt").

Horus had many battles with Set, not only to avenge his father, but to choose the rightful ruler of Egypt. In these battles, Horus came to be associated with Lower Egypt (where Horus was worshipped), and became its patron.

But still Set refused to relent, and the other gods were getting tired from over eighty years of fighting and challenges. Horus and Set challenged each other to a boat race, where they each raced in a boat made of stone. Horus and Set agreed, and the race started. But Horus had an edge: his boat was made of wood painted to resemble stone, rather than true stone. Set's boat, being made of heavy stone, sank, but Horus's did not. Horus then won the race, and Set stepped down and officially gave Horus the throne of Egypt.

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