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Reshep
Reshep
Cult Center: None specific
Deity of: War, Pestilence, Prayers and Military
Consort: Qadesh
Sibling: Not known
Symbol: Spear
Parents: Unknown
Offspring: Min
Reshep is the god of war, military and plague. Originally a god of Syria, Reshep had became a triad with the two other gods, Qadesh and Min. Reshep is probably the husband of Qadesh. He was also associated with the Babylonian death god Nergal and ocassionally with Mars (again because of the military connection).

Reshep in Ugaritic Text Edit

In Ugarit, Resheph was identified with Nergal, in Idalion, Cyprus, with Apollo. Resheph is mentioned in Ugaritic mythological texts such as the epic of Kirta and The Mare and Horon. In Phoenician inscriptions he is called rshp gn 'Resheph of the Garden' and b`l chtz 'lord of the arrow'. Phoenician-Hittite bilinguals refer to him as 'deer god' and 'gazelle god'.

Reshep in Egypt Edit

Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war.

Reshep was also a protector of royalty. A stela erected near the Great Sphinx at Giza by Pharoah Amenhotep II shows Reshep rejoicing at the then-Crown Prince's diligence in looking after his horses. However, Reshep's powers, especially against pestilence, extended beyond royal circles. Magical text included spells that call upon Reshep, and his wife Itum, to destroy the Akha demon which causes abdominal pains. He was also worshipped as a god who answers prayers.

Reshep was part of triad that included his wife, Qadesh, the imported Semetic goddess of love, and their child, Min. Reshep was depicted as a man with a Syrian style beard brandishing a mace or axe above his head. He generally wears the crown of Upper Egypt with the addition of a gazelle skull at the front and a ribbon at the back.

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